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No 89
Vol. 89 No. 23
2019
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The main aim of this study was to present a structural equation model of cognitive fusion and Automatic Cognitive Processing. The study is correlational. The population was the students of Payamenoor university of Fars province and university of medical sciences. By using Morgan formula and stratified sampling, 379 university students selected. The research instrument was a Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ) of Gillanders et al (2010) and Automatic Cognitive Processing Questionnaire (ACPQ) from Hollon et al (1986) which was assessed by the use of a structural equation model. The direct effect of CFQ on Cognitive Fusion in the whole model (0.314), in Payamenoor University model (0.459) and in University of Medical Sciences model (0.261) is meaningful. The direct effect of cognitive fusion on cognitive defusion in all three models is significant. Finally, the direct effect of ACPQ on low self confidence, personal incompatibility and tendency to change, negative self image and negative expectations and loneliness in the whole model of Payamenoor University and University of Medical Sciences is statistically meaningful (0.05). by surveying the direct effects, it was found out that cognitive fusion has more effects on fusion that cognitive defusion. Also, ACPQ among the four indexes has more effects on personal incompatibility and tendency to change.
Hossein Zare - Said Talebi - Ahmad Rastegar
Keywords : structural equation model ، automatic cognitive processing ، cognitive fusion
The aim of present study was to investigate the mediating of the basic psychological needs in relationship between cultural values and cognitive emotion regulation. Participants included 378 (253 females and 125 males) of Shiraz university students. The research instruments were Individualism and Collectivism Scale (Sivadas, Bruvold, & Nelson, 2008), Basic Psychological Needs Scale (Gagne, 2003) and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (Granefski, Kraaij & Spinhoven, 2001). Conceptual model included the mediating role of basic psychological needs in the relationship between cultural values (individualism - collectivism) and cognitive emotion regulation that was studied by structural equation modeling. The findings showed that suggested model was fitted by data. The findings showed that cultural values had a direct effect on emotional cognitive regulation. Individualism predicted adaptive cognitive regulation strategies positively by mediating of relatedness and competency and non adaptive cognitive regulation strategies negatively by mediating of relatedness, competency, and autonomy needs satisfaction. Collectivism predicted adaptive cognitive regulation strategies negatively, and non adaptive cognitive regulation strategies related positively by mediating of competency need satisfaction. Accordingly satisfying psychological basic needs played mediating role in relationship between cultural values and cognitive regulation emotional.
Hamideh Mohammadi - mahboobeh fooladchang
Keywords : culture values ، basic psychological needs ، cognitive emotion regulation
The purpose of this study was to examine a developmental model based on variety and acceleration in formation of the processes and strategies of emotion regulation for sadness, anger, fear and pain. Participants were one hundred eight children (age, 4- 12). A directive content analysis was used to gather data through individually standard interviews. Data were collected with semi-structured interviews and observation of children after presentation of emotional scenarios or encountering real situations generating emotion. Data were analysed based on coding the behaviours, sub-strategies, and emotion regulation processes for four emotions of sadness, fear, anger, and pain. Findings showed variety of emotion regulation processes and strategies in formation four emotions. Development of emotion regulation did not show an age-related different pathway for different emotions.
Alireza Zarandi - shole amiri - Hossein Molavi
Keywords : emotion regulation ، children ، sadness ، anger ، fear ، pain
The purpose of the present research was explaining academic burnout on child- parent relationship pattern( parental styles) with mediating resiliency and problem solving ability among female students in junior high school in Tehran city. Statistical population were female students in high schools in Tehran city in academic year 2015-2016. Method of research was mixed method-explaining (quantitative- qualitative)in two stages. First stage used correlation method and second stage was qualitative method with descriptive phenomology. In first stage sampling method was multi stages cluster and included 461 female students in high school. In second stage sampling method was burn out purposive method and 10 students were selected. The instruments were: Breso and others Academic Burnout Questionnaire(2007), Bagheris Child-Parent Relationship Questionnaire(1392), Conner and Davidson Resiliency Scale (2003) and Heppner and Peterson,s Problem Solving Ability Inventory(1982) and semi-structural interview were used. In first stage data were analysised by structural equation model and in second stage we used Colaizzi method. The results indicated that the model had a good fitness with the data. Results in qualitative research was congruent with results quantitative research.
Khadije Abolmaali - Kianoosh Hashemian - Aghdas Arabiyan
Keywords : academic burnout ، child- parent relationship pattern ، resilience ، problem solving ability
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (BPNSFS). Two hundred and fifteen students were selected from Shiraz University by means of multistage cluster sampling method, and following scales were given them to responds Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration Scale (Chen, et.al, 2015), To confirm Vatality of the Scale (Ryan & Frederick, 1997), Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992), and Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diner, et.al, 1985). To determine the validity of the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Frustration Scale, confirmatory factor analysis by structural equation modeling using AMOS software and convergent and divergent validity methods were used. Also, positive correlation between needs satisfaction, state vitality, and life satisfaction, negative correlation between needs frustration, and these variables, and positive correlation between needs frustration and aggression, confirmed the convergent and divergent validity of this scale. To determine the reliability, Cronbach's coefficient alpha was used. Range of coefficients was 0.68 to 0.85. Results indicated that BPNSFS is a valid instrument for the use in Iranian society.
razieh sheikholeslami - Farzaneh Yazdani - Zeinabossadat Razavi Estahbanati
Keywords : basic psychological needs satisfaction ، basic psychological needs frustration ، psychometric characteristics ، self-determination theory

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