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    • List of Articles Masoud Gholamali Lavasani

      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Affect in the Relationship between Meaning in Life and Mental Health
        Leila Mohammadi Mohammad Ali Besharat Mohammad Reza Rezazade Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of positive and negative affect in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. The sample consisted of 337 students (153 males and 184 females) from University of Tehran at three levels: BA, Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of positive and negative affect in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. The sample consisted of 337 students (153 males and 184 females) from University of Tehran at three levels: BA, MA and PHD. Participants are chosen by available sampling. The students answered the Crumbaugh Maholick (1964) Meaning of Life Questionnaire, Veit and Ware (1983) Mental Health Inventory and Watson et al (1988) Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. For analyzing data, we used some indexes such as Frequency, Percent, Standard deviation, Pearson correlation test and for proving the mediating role, we used Pathway analysis. The results showed a significant positive and negative relationship between meaning in life and psychological well-being as well as psychological distress. The Pathway analysis showed that positive and negative affect has mediating role in the relationship between meaning in life and mental health. According to the result, it can be concluded that, attention to meaning in life and improve it in students life lead to increasing positive affect and as a result can influence mental health and decrease expression of negative affect and psychological distress level. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Compare the Effectiveness of Group Therapy Based on Acceptance and Commitment and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Reducing Anxiety of Mothers of Autistic Children
        Javad Ejei Maryam Sayadshirazy Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Abdolrahim Kasaei Esfahani
        This study investigated the effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment (ACT) compared with cognitive-behavior therapy on decreasing anxiety and increasing acceptance of mothers of autistic children. This study was quasi-experimental design with pr Full Text
        This study investigated the effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment (ACT) compared with cognitive-behavior therapy on decreasing anxiety and increasing acceptance of mothers of autistic children. This study was quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test with control group. The experimental groups were consisted of two groups based on acceptance and commitment group therapy (ACT) and cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT) respectively. Both groups were received ten sessions treatment. 12 people were employed in the control group who were not treated. In order to evaluate the level of anxiety and acceptance, two questionnaires were used: Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II). Comparing treatment groups showed that between the effectiveness of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment with cognitive behavioral therapy on reducing maternal anxiety and promoting acceptance was not significantly different. However, the impact of group therapy based on acceptance and commitment in pre-test and follow-up was more than cognitive behavior therapy. Therefore, the current research and ACT provide empirical support for mothers with ASD children. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Time Attitude in Iranian Adolescents: A Qualitative Study
        Heman Khezri Azar Elahe Hejazi Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        Due to the effect of culture on the formation of time attitude, it is very important to examine the components of time attitude in Iran with its certain cultural-social conditions. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study time and time attitude conceptualization Full Text
        Due to the effect of culture on the formation of time attitude, it is very important to examine the components of time attitude in Iran with its certain cultural-social conditions. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study time and time attitude conceptualization from the perspective of adolescents with a qualitative method, interview with focus group, and grounded theory approach. Participants in this study was 45 adolescents (23 boys and 22 girls) aging 15 to 17 years old with the average age of 16.20. Three focus groups were composed in male students school, and three focus groups were constituted in female students schools. Their responses regarding their perception of time were categorized in four categories of ‘hours’, ‘pressure and limitation’, ‘mental construct’, and ‘time as a metaphor’. The results of open and axial coding for past, present and future shows that this period of life in Iranian adolescents contains eight categories of positive future, negative future, hedonist present, negative present, futurist present, positive past, negative past, and past acceptance. Comparing with other findings, in general, time attitude is cultural based and cultural-social conditions affect time attitude adolescents’. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Effect of a Group Counseling Based on Theory of Choice, and Reality Therapy on Inhancement of Social Adjustment and Self- Regulation in Adolescents
        Seyed Rahman Hosseini Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Shiva Khalili
        The purpose of the current study to examine the effect of group based reality therapy was on choice theory on increasing of social adjustment and self- regulation in adolescents. Samples were 24 students 14-18 old, that obtained low scores in California Personality Inve Full Text
        The purpose of the current study to examine the effect of group based reality therapy was on choice theory on increasing of social adjustment and self- regulation in adolescents. Samples were 24 students 14-18 old, that obtained low scores in California Personality Inventory(CPI) and Self- Regulation Questionnaire(SRQ), and selected and devise to experimental and control groups by random sampling. Procedure the experimental group participated in 8 sessions group reality therapy and each session lasted about 90 minutes, but the control group did not participate in there sessions. The data analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance method, and showed that there were a significant difference between means in experimental and control groups. The results of this research showed that reality therapy group as an education and treatment can be effective in increasing social adjustment and self- regulation. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - A Study of Psychometric Properties of Adolescent Self-Regulatory Inventory among Female Secondary Schools Students
        Masoud Kiani Elahe Hejazi Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The present research aims at investigated psychometric properties of the Adolescent Self Regulatory Inventory (ASRI) among a sample of Iranian female students. The ASRI is a theoretically-based questionnaire that taps two temporal aspect of self-regulation (regulation i Full Text
        The present research aims at investigated psychometric properties of the Adolescent Self Regulatory Inventory (ASRI) among a sample of Iranian female students. The ASRI is a theoretically-based questionnaire that taps two temporal aspect of self-regulation (regulation in the short and long term). The subjects consisted of all female students of secondary school who studies in schools of Shahin-Shahr (city in Isfahan Province) during the school year 2014-2015. In this regard, 336 students of Shahin-Shahr secondary schools were selected using random cluster sampling method and were asked to completed self-report questionnaire focused on intentional self-regulation (Adolescent Self-Regulatory Inventory and Model of Selection, Optimization, and Compensation (SOC) ) and psychological adjustment (Adjustment Inventory for High School Students). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that internal consistency of the long-term and short-term factors was satisfactory. Requirements for concurrent and construct validity were met. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for short-term and long-term self-regularly subscales were 0/81 (ST) and 0/80 (LT). Finally, the results suggested that ASRI was two-factor, reliable tool for assessing and evaluating dimensions of intentional self-regulation in adolescence. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Standardize the Vienna Matrix Test for Iran (WMTI) for Students between Ages 13-18 Years
        Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Marzieyeh Rezaiee Zahra Akbari
        Current study was conducted to standardize Vienna Matrix Test for Iran (WMTI). For Iranian students between ages 13-18. Intended population in this study was all students (males and females) who were studying in middle and high schools during the academic year 2010-2011 Full Text
        Current study was conducted to standardize Vienna Matrix Test for Iran (WMTI). For Iranian students between ages 13-18. Intended population in this study was all students (males and females) who were studying in middle and high schools during the academic year 2010-2011 and 2011-2012. Multistage random sampling procedure was used to select 2849 students (1267 male and 1582 female) from five province in Iran: Tehran, Khorasan-e-Razavi, Kermanshah, GiIan, and Bushehr. At the beginning Formans original from that was based on Rasch's statistic model was administered on student population. From 42 statements 28 statements were selected based on the model and was used for Vienna Matrix Test for Iranian (WMTI). Norm tables for the age group 13 to 18 were developed. Finally mean differences between girls and boys was calculated by means of one-way analysis of variance. Result showed the age and gender effect. Intelligent quotient increased as chronological age increases. Girls also were higher than boys in intellectual functioning in overall Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - The Relationship between Academic Optimism, and Teacher's Emotional Intelligence with the Student's Academic Achievement
        Salman Ghanbarlou Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Javad Ejei
        The aim of this study was to invertigate the relationship between academic optimism, and teacher's emotional intelligence with the student's academic achievement in Salmas city. For this reason, a sample consisted of 302 subjects have been selected out of about 613 teac Full Text
        The aim of this study was to invertigate the relationship between academic optimism, and teacher's emotional intelligence with the student's academic achievement in Salmas city. For this reason, a sample consisted of 302 subjects have been selected out of about 613 teachers in Salmas's educational department by stratified sampling method and completed the Farsi version of the Emotional Intelligence Scale-41 (FEIS-41) and the Teacher’s Academic Optimism Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by stepwise regression analysis and correlation matrix methods. Results indicated that: emotional intelligence and academic optimism have been significant correlation with academic achievement, while teacher,s academic optimism is the stronger predictor for the student,s academic achievement. In the overall sample, trust in parents and students had the greatest role in predicting the student’s academic achievement. Also optimism/mood regulation, a component of emotional intelligence related with student's academic achievement. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Mediating Role of Perceived Social Support between Early Maladaptive Schemas and Quality of Life
        Mohammad Ali Besharat Samira Keshavarz Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Elham Arabi
        The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of perceived social support in the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and quality of life. The method of present study was descriptive-correlational and population comprised general population of Sh Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of perceived social support in the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and quality of life. The method of present study was descriptive-correlational and population comprised general population of Shiraz city. Three handred and ninety one individuals (182 men, 209 women) were selected through convenience sampling method. Subjects were asked to complete the Schema Questionnaire (Young & Brown, 1999), Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF, 1998) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, et al, 1988). Data analysis was accomplished by path analysis. Results showed that perceived social support has mediating role between disconnection/ rejection domain, impaired limits domain (p<0/01) and being other-directed domain (p<0/05) with quality of life. Based on findings, it can be concluded that early maladaptive schemas influence quality of life through perceived social support. Therefore, perceived social support and early maladaptive schemas should be the core of clinical focus in improving quality of life. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        9 - The Relationship between Relationship Beliefs and Couple Burnout: The Mediating Role of Mindfulness
        Abolfazl Dehghan Masoud Gholamali Lavasani Yaser Madani
        The present study investigated the relationship between relationship beliefs and couple burnout and the role of mindfulness as a possible mediating variable. Method of the present study was correlational and all married people in Yazd city were considered as the statist Full Text
        The present study investigated the relationship between relationship beliefs and couple burnout and the role of mindfulness as a possible mediating variable. Method of the present study was correlational and all married people in Yazd city were considered as the statistical population with a sample size of 380 subjects (200 females & 180 males) who were selected through available sampling method in 2016. The participants completed Belief Inventory (RBI), Mindfulness, Attention and Awareness Scale (MAAS), and Couple Burnout Measure (‎CBM). As data analysis showed that, there was a significant negative relationship between mindfulness and the relationship beliefs subscales “disagreement is destructive to a relationship”, “partners cannot change themselves and their relationship”, “one should be sexually perfect”, and “there are differences between males’ and females’ personalities and relationship needs”. Also, there was a negatively significant relation between mindfulness and couple burnout. The findings also indicated that relationship beliefs subscales were positively related to couple burnout. In addition, data from path analysis indicated that mindfulness plays a mediating role in relationship between irrational relationship beliefs and couple burnout. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        10 - The Effectiveness of Training of Emotionally-Focused Approach on Couple Burnout and Couples Tendency for Divorce
        Mohammad Mohammadi Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The present research was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of training of emotionally-focused approach on couple burnout and tendency for divorce in couples. The population included all the couples who visited the Health House because of marital problem and conflic Full Text
        The present research was aimed to investigate the effectiveness of training of emotionally-focused approach on couple burnout and tendency for divorce in couples. The population included all the couples who visited the Health House because of marital problem and conflict and lack of intimacy in their relationships. In the present research, by using available sampling method, 20 couples were selected who had the highest scores in the research questionnaire, and their assigned into two groups experiment and control (10 couples per group). Data gathering tools in the present research were Pains Couple Burnout Measure (1996) and the Divorce Tendency Scale of Roswelt, Jonson &, Moro (DTS) (1986), which were completed by the participations of both groups before and after the intervention. The results of the multivariate covariance analysis suggested that the training of emotionally-focused approach has led to significant decrease in couple burnout and two components of emotional exhaustion and mental fatigue in couples of the experiment group, but it has not been effective on reducing physical fatigue of the couples. Other results indicated that tendency to divorce in couples of the experiment group has had significant reduction compared to the control group. According to the findings of the present research, it can be concluded that training of the emotionally-focused approach has been able to be effective on reducing couple burnout and tendency to divorce in couples. Counselors and family therapists can use the findings of the present research for their clinical and therapeutic interventions. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        11 - Iranian College Students' Academic Identity: A Qualitative Study
        Hamidreza Aryanpour Elahe Hejazi Javad Ejei Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The purpose of the present study was conceptualizing college students' Academic identity and identifying the components of it as one of the specific types of the identity, considering the socio-cultural structure and the context of higher education in Iranian society. T Full Text
        The purpose of the present study was conceptualizing college students' Academic identity and identifying the components of it as one of the specific types of the identity, considering the socio-cultural structure and the context of higher education in Iranian society. To achieve this goal, a qualitative research method was used. Participants included 56 individuals (25 male students and 31 female students) who were studying in the fourth to sixth semesters of Ardakan University and sixth to eighth grade M.D. in medical and dentistry at the medical University of Shahid Sadoughi in Yazd. Focus groups were used for collecting data. In two universities, five focus groups were formed. The results of the theoretical coding showed that students' identity was composed of five components: academic commitment, academic self-Concept, future thinking, belonging to university and personal agency, influenced by factors such as basic psychological needs and leads to Numerous concequences such as change in academic self-efficacy and subjective well-being. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        12 - Conceptualization of Students’ Academic Passion in Mathematic based on Qualitative Study of Foundation Data
        Mahsa Saleh Najafi Elahe Hejazi Parvin Kadivar Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
        The purpose of present study was to investigate the concept of academic passion in math among adolescence. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study conceptualization of academic passion in math from the perspective of adolescents with a qualitative method, interv Full Text
        The purpose of present study was to investigate the concept of academic passion in math among adolescence. Therefore, this investigation attempts to study conceptualization of academic passion in math from the perspective of adolescents with a qualitative method, interviews with focus group, and grounded theory approach. Participants in this study were 51 adolescents (24 girls and 27 boys).Three focus group were composed in female student’s school, and four groups were constituted in male student’s schools. The results regarding student’s academic passion in math were categorized in four categories of “intent to engage in the activity”, “positive emotions”, “future perspective and identification with activity” and “need for cognition”. Also the results were related to factors affecting academic passion in math categorized in three categories of “family”,“teacher” and “individual features” and finally results were related to consequences of academic passion in math categorized in 5 group “resiliency”, “hope”, “information processing styles”, “self-efficacy”, “subjective well- being”. Manuscript Document